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match?
as
match*?
object
7.1

18 Match

NOTE: This library is deprecated; use racket/match, instead.

 (require unstable/match) package: unstable-lib

The subsequent bindings were added by Carl Eastlund <[email protected]>.

syntax

(match? val-expr pat ...)

Returns #t if the result of val-expr matches any of pat, and returns #f otherwise.

Examples:
> (match? (list 1 2 3)
    (list a b c)
    (vector x y z))

#t

> (match? (vector 1 2 3)
    (list a b c)
    (vector x y z))

#t

> (match? (+ 1 2 3)
    (list a b c)
    (vector x y z))

#f

syntax

(as ([lhs-id rhs-expr] ...) pat ...)

As a match expander, binds each lhs-id as a pattern variable with the result value of rhs-expr, and continues matching each subsequent pat.

Example:
> (match (list 1 2 3)
    [(as ([a 0]) (list b c d)) (list a b c d)])

'(0 1 2 3)

The subsequent bindings were added by Asumu Takikawa <[email protected]>.

syntax

(match*? (val-expr ...) (pat ...) ...)

Similar to match?, but uses match* and accepts multiple val-expr and corresponding pat in each clause to match on.

Examples:
> (match*? (1 2 3)
    (a b c)
    (x #f z))

#t

> (match*? (1 2 3)
    (a (? odd?) c)
    (x y z))

#t

> (match*? (#f #f #f)
    (1 2 3)
    (4 5 6))

#f

syntax

(object maybe-class field-clause ...)

 
maybe-class = 
  | class-expr
     
field-clause = (field field-id maybe-pat)
     
maybe-pat = 
  | pat
A match expander that checks if the matched value is an object and contains the fields named by the field-ids. If pats are provided, the value in each field is matched to its corresponding pat. If a pat is not provided, it defaults to the name of the field.

If class-expr is provided, the match expander will also check that the supplied object is an instance of the class that the given expression evaluates to.

Examples:
(define point%
  (class object%
    (super-new)
    (init-field x y)))
> (match (make-object point% 3 5)
    [(object point% (field x) (field y))
     (sqrt (+ (* x x) (* y y)))])

5.830951894845301

> (match (make-object point% 0 0)
    [(object (field x (? zero?))
             (field y (? zero?)))
     'origin])

'origin

> (match (make-object object%)
    [(object (field x) (field y))
     'ok]
    [_ 'fail])

'fail