On this page:
1.1 Use .literal to Mark External Dependencies
1.2 (Sloppily) Merging Distributions
1.3 Aggregating Projects

1 Tutorial: Using Multiple Workflows

By the time you read this you should have used a Polyglot workflow for long enough to feel somewhat restrained by it. Even if a workflow does some things well, you will eventually tire of accomodating it for what it does not do well. So what do you do with existing code if you use a better, but incompatible workflow?

To maintain backwards compatibility, just keep the old workflow around and reference its output where needed in a new project. If you want to port code, you can do so at your own pace.

1.1 Use .literal to Mark External Dependencies

You cannot directly depend on an asset used in a different workflow because the dependencies can form cycles and prevent builds from terminating. The Base Workflow supports .literal links to request resources relative to the project’s distribution. This frees one workflow to fulfill resources for another without conflicting builds.

Under the base workflow, this Markdown will produce two of the same link in HTML:






  <a href="scores.html">Click</a>

  <a href="scores.html">Click</a>

If you remove scores.md in the original Markdown, then the HTML will contain just one broken link. Reintroducing the link to scores.md will fix the problem, but the method does not actually matter.

.literal links are also useful because if you are writing a list in a prose language, interjecting an app element is a major interruption. It’s not fun awkwardly squeezing in a <script> or custom element in an otherwise concise notation.

1.2 (Sloppily) Merging Distributions

Let’s create two Polyglot projects in a directory. One follows The Imperative Workflow, one follows The Functional Workflow.

    $ mkdir website && cd website

    $ polyglot start old

    $ polyglot start -f new

These workflows are incompatible because an app element in one workflow will produce no content in the other. Your options are to port code from one to the other, or integrate the workflows. We’ll do the latter, because porting code can be time-consuming.

In new/assets/index.md, add [Other site](other/index.html.literal) wherever you’d like. From there you can combine the websites by moving the imperative project’s distribution into the functional project’s distribution.

    $ polyglot build old

    $ mv old/dist new/dist/other

This works, but don’t do this in your own projects. If the old site decides to add its own link back to the new site, it would need to decide if it should prefix each link with .. depending on if it appears in the functional site. The maintenance burden is not worth it. I only show you this to illustrate two benefits:

  1. You can use a new workflow at any time.

  2. You can control how distributions are combined to avoid name conflicts.

1.3 Aggregating Projects

Anything can be an asset for a Polyglot project, including other Polyglot projects. Therefore, one way to handle multiple workflows is to aggregate projects.

If you run these commands you’ll end up with three projects, where the aggregate project hosts the other two.

    $ polyglot start -f aggregate

    $ cd aggregate/assets

    $ polyglot start -f design

    $ polyglot start legacy

The commands imply there are now two projects following The Functional Workflow, but they can still evolve independently. We’ll use the aggregate project to set rules for the combined distribution, such that polyglot build aggregate bundles all three projects into a single distribution. Here’s one way to do that:


#lang racket
(require polyglot)
(provide polyglot+%)
(define polyglot+%
  (class polyglot/functional% (super-new)
    (define design-path (assets-rel "design"))
    (define legacy-path (assets-rel "legacy"))
    (define build-legacy! (make-polyglot-builder legacy-path))
    (define build-design! (make-polyglot-builder design-path))
    (define/private (compile-child! name project-path build! changed removed)
      (define dist (build! #:changed changed #:removed removed))
      (define destination (dist-rel name))
      (define source (parameterize ([polyglot-project-directory project-path]) (dist-rel)))
      (delete-directory/files destination #:must-exist? #f)
      (copy-directory/files source destination)
    (define/override (compile! #:changed [changed '()]
                               #:removed [removed '()])
      (define aggregate-dist (super compile! #:changed changed #:removed removed))
      (define legacy-dist (compile-child! "old" legacy-path build-legacy! changed removed))
      (define design-dist (compile-child! "new" design-path build-design! changed removed))
      (make-immutable-hash (append (dict->list aggregate-dist)
                                   (dict->list legacy-dist)
                                   (dict->list design-dist))))))

In this example, make-polyglot-builder manages builds for the the legacy and design projects. By overriding compile!, we kick off a build for each as a side effect of building the aggregate project. The distribution for each child project is copied into the parent on completion, resulting in a final distribution that looks like this:







One thing that’s nice about this approach is that it supports live builds. If you run polyglot develop aggregate and change an asset in the design project, only the impacted assets are rebuilt.

This is still not an optimal arrangement because the websites are built in sequence, and the distribution of each website is copied to the aggregate distribution on every build. From here you could modify this example to use Places and/or use symbolic links to child distributions to reduce disk activity.